We have heard lot of stories about missing of ships, aircraft at Bermuda Triangle. Many scientists have given so many theories about it but no one knows exactly what happens in there.
More than 300 ships including American cargo ship Cyclops are believed to have vanished in the Bermuda Triangle as well as several planes, but their wreckages are still to be found beneath the sea.
No one knows exactly why the Bermuda Triangle causes these crafts to disappear – and many of the wrecks have never been recovered.
Some have blamed huge freak waves that swallow everything up in their path, while other legends speak of ferocious whirlpools.
The area is steeped in mystery and even the Mary Celeste – the mystery ship found adrift without a single member of crew on board years after going missing – is believed to have got entangled in this dangerous web.
A documentary has attempted to investigate the mystery of the Bermuda Triangle, which covers a huge – and loosely defined – 270,000 square mile section between Bermuda, Florida and Puerto Rico and attempt to solve some of the mysteries of the missing objects.
Draining the Bermuda Triangle first of all looks at some of the more infamous cases to have disappeared when entering the triangle.
On March 4, 1918, the USS Cyclops was last seen as it sailed towards the Bermuda Triangle carrying more than 10,000 tonnes of manganese ore, supplying fuel to the American fleet. But the ship, and the 309 crew on board, suddenly vanished without a trace.
No distress call is believed to have been made and Cyclops is thought to have been sailing through the Bermuda Triangle on a relatively calm day.
There are numerous theories about what may have happened to Cyclops – including that it could have been overtaken by pirates, targeted by German submarines or simply overwhelmed by a giant octopus. Two of the Cyclops’ sister ships are believed to also have vanished in the same area. Dive teams today are still searching for the wreckage beneath the ocean.
On December 5, 1945, five Avenger torpedo bombers took off from Fort Lauderdale air station in Florida. Flight 19 was a routine navigation training mission across the Florida Coast, with experienced Lieutenant Charles Taylor in command.
Midway through the mission, Taylor reported trouble with his compasses and deteriorating weather conditions.
A Martin Mariner flying boat was sent out to find Flight 19 and bring the 14 airmen on the five planes home – but after sending out one message it also disappeared and was never heard from again.
Draining the Bermuda Triangle
‘Draining the Bermuda Triangle’ , which is being broadcast on Channel Five, follows teams as they attempt to investigate the deadly vortex, using sonar mapping to ‘drain’ and create a picture of the base of this section of the ocean that has been shrouded in mystery for centuries.
The documentary explored the Puerto Rico trench. At 8km deep it’s the deepest point of the Bermuda Triangle (and the Atlantic Ocean).
Sonar mapping fires sound waves at the ocean floor which then send signals back so a picture of the shape and depth of the land beneath can be created. The technique has revealed that Bermuda itself sits on top of an immense sea mountain, 4,000 metres high and marooned in the middle of the Atlantic Ocean.
It is thought that this mountain was formed after a volcanic eruption took place in the earliest phase of the development of the Atlantic, the volcano growing bigger and bigger until it towered above the ocean’s surface. When the volcano became extinct 30 million years ago, wind and rain eroded it down to a flat plateau, and as sea levels rose following the Ice Age, Bermuda was left as a small island atop an isolated sea mountain.
Sonar mapping shows Bermuda is now surrounded by reefs which, at 12m high, can sometimes themselves break the surface at low tide.
These reefs, known as ‘breakers’ or ‘boilers’ are often harder than normal rock and can sink a ship in seconds. Their difficulty in being easy to spot also does not help.
Struan Smith, of the Natural History Museum in Bermuda, said: “They are more visible when there are waves during storms. The breakers are at their most dangerous on a flat calm day, because they cannot be seen at all.”
When it comes to whirlpools, the documentary sees Tom Iliffe, a professor of marine biology, explore the Blue Hole on Long Island in the Bahamas.
At the second deepest known salt water hole in the world, whirlpools are evident and as Tom dives he discovers immense tunnels with a powerful suction that could be potentially responsible for pulling huge items beneath the surface.
These sinkholes are believed to have been formed when sea levels were lowers and acidic rainwater eroded away holes in the limestone, before their ceilings would collapse – these large creating chasms would create a bottle shape.